Category

# Commerce

53 items

### Bond Clean Price between Regular Coupon Payments

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The clean price of a bond is the value of a bond, excluding accrued interest since issue or the most recent coupon payment.

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### Bond Clean Price between Coupon Payments with a Short First Coupon

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The clean price of a bond is the value of a bond, excluding accrued interest since issue or the most recent coupon payment.

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### Bond Dirty Price between Coupon Payments with a Short First Coupon

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The dirt price of a bond is the value of a bond, including accrued interest since issue or the most recent coupon payment.

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### Bond Dirty Price between Regular Coupon Payments

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The dirt price of a bond is the value of a bond, including accrued interest since issue or the most recent coupon payment.

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### Dividend Discount Model

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The dividend discount model is a method of valuing a company's stock price based on the theory that its stock is worth the sum of all of its future dividend payments, discounted back to their present values.

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### Economic Value Added

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Economic value added is an estimate of a firm's economic profit, or the value created in excess of the required return of the company's shareholders. Economic value added is the net profit less the equity cost of the ...

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### Online Advertising Revenue by Visits

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Online advertising revenue is the money brought in by those advertisements with which site visitors interact.

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### Online Advertising Revenue by Impressions

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Online advertising revenue is the money brought in by those advertisements with which site visitors interact.

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### Turkey Portion Counter

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The Turkey Portion Counter calculates the turkey mass needed to feed a group of adults, teenagers and children.

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### Benjamin Graham Formula

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The Benjamin Graham formula is an intrinsic value formula used to quickly determine how rationally priced stocks were.

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### Capital Recovery Factor

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A capital recovery factor is the ratio of a constant annuity to the present value of receiving that annuity for a given length of time.

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### Capital Asset Pricing Model

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The capital asset pricing model is a model used to determine a theoretically appropriate required rate of return of an asset, to make decisions about adding assets to a well-diversified portfolio.

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### Commodity Contracts Optimal Number

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Calculate the optimal number of contracts to hedge a portfolio

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### Compound Annual Growth Rate

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Compound annual growth rate is a business- and investing-specific term for the geometric progression ratio that provides a constant rate of return over the time period.

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### Continuous Capital Recovery Factor

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A continuous capital recovery factor is the ratio of a constant annuity to the present value of receiving that annuity for a given length of time compounded continuously.

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### Discounted Security

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A security is a tradable financial asset. A discounted security's rate is based on the redemption value rather than the price.

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### Fuel Cost

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The fuel economy of an automobile is the fuel-efficiency relationship between the distance traveled and the amount of fuel consumed by the vehicle.

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### Fuel Used

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The fuel economy of an automobile is the fuel efficiency relationship between the distance traveled and the volume of fuel consumed by the vehicle.

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### Future Value of Annuity

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An annuity is a series of payments made at equal intervals. The future value of an annuity is the accumulated amount, including payments and interest, of a stream of payments made to an interest-bearing account.

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### Future Value of Annuity Due

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An annuity is a series of payments made at equal intervals. An annuity due is an annuity whose payments are made at the beginning of each period. The future value of an annuity due is the accumulated amount, including...

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### Gross Domestic Product Expenditures

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Gross domestic product using the expenditure approach uses the sum of the final uses of goods and services measured in purchasers' prices.

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### Gross Domestic Product Income

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Gross domestic product using the income approach looks at the sum of primary incomes distributed by resident producer units.

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### Gross Domestic Product Production

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The production approach to gross domestic product looks at the value added to goods sold.

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### Hedge Effectiveness

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Hedge effectiveness is the extent to which a hedge transaction results in offsetting changes in fair value or cash flow that the transaction was intended to provide (as identified by the hedging entity).

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### Interest at Maturity Security

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Interest at maturity securities are interest-bearing securities that pay the face amount plus a coupon on the maturity date.

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### Macaulay Duration of Bonds

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Modified duration is the name given to the weighted average time until cash flows are received, and is measured in years.

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### Meat Defrosting Time in Water

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Thawing time is the time to defrost a food item in a cold-water bath.

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### Meat Defrosting Time in Air

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Thawing time is the time to defrost a food item in the refrigerator.

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### Minimum Variance Hedge Ratio

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The hedge ratio compares the value of a position protected through the use of a hedge with the size of the entire position itself. The minimum variance hedge ratio is important when cross-hedging, which aims to minimi...

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### Modified Internal Rate of Return

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The modified internal rate of return is a financial measure of an investment's attractiveness.

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### Modified Duration of Bonds

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Modified duration is the name given to the price sensitivity, and is the percentage change in price for a unit change in yield.

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### Nominal-to-Effective Interest Rate

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The effective interest rate is the interest rate on a loan or financial product restated from the nominal interest rate as an interest rate with annual compound interest payable in arrears.

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### Nominal-to-Effective Rate with Continuous Compounding

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The effective interest rate is the interest rate on a loan or financial product restated from the nominal interest rate as an interest rate with annual compound interest payable in arrears.

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### Online Advertising Revenue by Hits

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Online advertising revenue is the money brought in by those advertisements with which site visitors interact.

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### Perpetuity

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A perpetuity is an annuity in which the periodic payments begin on a fixed date and continue indefinitely.

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### Present and Future Value

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Future value is the value of an asset at a specific date, assuming a certain interest rate or, more generally, rate of return.

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### Present Value of Annuity

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An annuity is a series of payments made at equal intervals. The present value of an annuity is the value of a stream of payments, discounted by the interest rate to account for the fact that payments are being made at...

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### Present and Future Value with Continuous Compounding

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Future value is the value of an asset at a specific date, assuming a certain interest rate, or more generally, rate of return.

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### Present Value of Annuity Due

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An annuity is a series of payments made at equal intervals. An annuity due is an annuity whose payments are made at the beginning of each period. The present value of an annuity is the value of a stream of payments, d...

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### Principal and Interest Using Principal Part

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Principal is the amount on which the issuer pays interest, and which, most commonly, has to be repaid at the end of the term.

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### Principal and Interest Using Interest Part

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Principal is the amount on which the issuer pays interest, and which, most commonly, has to be repaid at the end of the term.

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### Real Rate of Return

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Rate of return is a profit on an investment over a period of time, expressed as a proportion of the original investment. The real rate of return takes into account the inflation rate.

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### Relative Graham Value

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The relative Graham value is a modification of the results of a formula designed by Benjamin Graham for the evaluation of growth stocks.

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### Return on Investment

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The return on investment is the benefit to an investor resulting from an investment of some resource.

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### Revised Benjamin Graham Formula

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The Benjamin Graham formula is an intrinsic value formula used to quickly determine how rationally priced stocks were.

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### Rule of 70

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The rule of 70 is a method for estimating an investment's doubling time.

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### Simple Interest

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Interest is payment from a borrower or deposit-taking financial institution to a lender or depositor of an amount above repayment of the principal sum (i.e. the amount borrowed). Simple interest is calculated only on ...

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### Stock Contracts Optimal Number

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The optimal futures contracts number is the optimal number of contracts needed to hedge a position. It is calculated by dividing the product of the optimal hedge ratio and the units of the position being hedged by the...

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### Turkey Frying Time

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The turkey frying time is the time needed to properly fry a turkey.

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### Turkey Cooking Time

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The turkey cooking time is the time needed to properly cook a turkey.

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### Value at Risk

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Value at risk represents the amount of money at risk with a probability of p over a time period t.

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### Weighted Average Cost of Capital

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The weighted average cost of capital is the rate that a company is expected to pay on average to all its security holders to finance its assets.