World Atlas of Language Structures

Dataset of structural properties of languages

Originator: Dryer, Matthew S. & Haspelmath, Martin (eds.)

The World Atlas of Language Structures (WALS) is a large database of structural (phonological, grammatical, lexical) properties of languages gathered from descriptive materials (such as reference grammars) by a team of 55 authors. A feature is a structural property of language that describes one aspect of cross-linguistic diversity. A WALS feature has between 2 and 28 different values.

(202 columns, 2679 rows)

Examples

Basic Examples

Retrieve the resource:

In[1]:=
ResourceObject["World Atlas of Language Structures"]
Out[1]=

Retrieve the default content:

In[2]:=
ResourceData["World Atlas of Language Structures"]
Out[2]=

Find properties related to verbs:

In[3]:=
Select[ResourceData["World Atlas of Language Structures", 
  "ColumnNames"], StringContainsQ["Verb"]]
Out[3]=

Create a function to generate maps of specific property values:

In[4]:=
walsMap[property_, title_] := 
  With[{data = 
     KeySort[KeyDrop[
       GroupBy[ResourceData["World Atlas of Language Structures"], 
         property][[All, All, "GeoPosition"]], 
       Missing["NotAvailable"]]]}, 
   GeoListPlot[Values[data], 
    PlotLegends -> Placed[Normal[Keys[data]], Below], 
    GeoCenter -> {0, 0}, ImageSize -> Full, PlotLabel -> title]];
walsMap["81A", 
 ResourceData["World Atlas of Language Structures", "ColumnNames"][
  "81A"]]
Out[4]=

Find properties related to articles:

In[5]:=
Select[ResourceData["World Atlas of Language Structures", 
  "ColumnNames"], StringContainsQ["Article"]]
Out[5]=

Compare language families by features related to the use of definite articles:

In[6]:=
Sort[#, Greater] & /@ (Counts /@ 
   KeySort[KeyDrop[
      GroupBy[ResourceData["World Atlas of Language Structures"], 
       Key["37A"]], Missing["NotAvailable"]]][All, All, "Family"])
Out[6]=

Wolfram Research, "World Atlas of Language Structures" from the Wolfram Data Repository. (2017) https://doi.org/10.24097/wolfram.27706.data

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CC-BY-4.0

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